Cryptic Wood White (Leptidea juvernica)

Species description

Recent genetic analyses suggest that the species of Wood White found in Northern Ireland and Ireland that was previously regarded as Real’s Wood White (Leptidea reali) is in fact a third species of Wood White called the Cryptic Wood White (Leptidea juvernica). This species is the only Wood White species found in Northern Ireland, whilst both Wood White (Leptidea sinapis) and Cryptic Wood White are found in Ireland (the former being restricted to the Burren area). Widespread in these areas it occurs in more open habitats than the Wood White. (For further details on this species see

LCI summary

Log Collated

This chart shows the index of abundance (LCI = Log Collated Index) over time. It shows fluctuations in populations from year to year, and is scaled so that the average index over the whole series is equal to 2 (horizontal line). Further details on the analysis of UKBMS data can be found [here]

This chart shows the average number of butterflies seen on transects between April and October across all sites (fitted values from a Generalised Additive Model). The blue line gives average counts over the full BMS series (1976 to date) and the red line gives the average for the last year.

This map shows symbols for the mean abundance at transect sites, with the colour of the symbol reflecting the level of abundance. Means are over all years. Grey background squares are the occupied cells as shown by the Butterflies for the New Millenium over the previous ten year period.