Heath Fritillary (Melitaea athalia)
© - Nick Greatorex-Davies
In Britain the Heath Fritilllary has much declined is a very rare and highly localised butterfly occuring in sunny situations where the vegetation is sparse and the microclimate at ground level is particularly warm, such as in recent coppice or on moorland edges. Depending on habitat the caterpillars feeds on a range of foodplants including Cow-wheat (Melampyrum pratense) and Ribwort Plantain (Plantago lanceolata). (For further details on this species see http://www.butterfly-conservation.org/).
Status since 1981 is Rapid decline with a change of -91.0% since monitoring began for this species.
Status over the last 20 years is Rapid decline with a change of -78.9%
Status over the last 10 years is Rapid increase with a change of 112.0%
This chart shows the index of abundance (LCI = Log Collated Index) over time. It shows fluctuations in populations from year to year, and is scaled so that the average index over the whole series is equal to 2 (horizontal line). Further details on the analysis of UKBMS data can be found [here]
This chart shows the average number of butterflies seen on transects between April and October across all sites (fitted values from a Generalised Additive Model). The blue line gives average counts over the full BMS series (1976 to date) and the red line gives the average for the last year.
This map shows symbols for the mean abundance at transect sites, with the colour of the symbol reflecting the level of abundance. Means are over all years. Grey background squares are the occupied cells as shown by the Butterflies for the New Millenium over the previous ten year period.