Large Tortoiseshell (Nymphalis polychloros)
© - Eddie John
The Large Tortoiseshell was once widespread in southern Britain but declined to extinction by the 1980s. It is a woodland butterfly whose larvae feed mainly on Elm (Ulmus) spp. It is still common in some parts of Europe, but declining in others. There continue to be sporadic records in Britain, but these are largely considered to be of specimens released from reared stock rather than immigrants. (For further details on this species see http://www.butterfly-conservation.org/).
Status since is with a change of % since monitoring began for this species.
Status over the last 20 years is with a change of %
Status over the last 10 years is with a change of %
This chart shows the index of abundance (LCI = Log Collated Index) over time. It shows fluctuations in populations from year to year, and is scaled so that the average index over the whole series is equal to 2 (horizontal line). Further details on the analysis of UKBMS data can be found [here]
This chart shows the average number of butterflies seen on transects between April and October across all sites (fitted values from a Generalised Additive Model). The blue line gives average counts over the full BMS series (1976 to date) and the red line gives the average for the last year.
This map shows symbols for the mean abundance at transect sites, with the colour of the symbol reflecting the level of abundance. Means are over all years. Grey background squares are the occupied cells as shown by the Butterflies for the New Millenium over the previous ten year period.